Child Sponsor Congo
Republic of Congo is neighbours to Gabon, Cameroon, the
Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola
and has a population of some 4.3 million. Following independence from France
in 1960 it became a Marxist state until the collapse of communism in 1991 when
it embraced a market economy. There was a civil war in 1997 however the
country today is more stable despite ongoing humanitarian crises. The Congo is
in 137th place out of 187 countries and territories in 2011 when ranked in
terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living
standards of a country with a life expectancy of 57yrs with unemployment at
over 50% and over two thirds of its population living on under $1a day.
Life for children in the Republic
of the Congo should be better than for other children on the African continent;
there are high literacy levels and longer periods of required education yet the number of street children in the Republic of Congo has increased from the
civil war and the political instability thereafter.
The presence of these street
children is a particular problem in Brazzaville, where there are an estimated
two thousand children sleeping rough, to Point-Noire as well as other urban
areas. The situation in Brazzaville is intensified by its close proximity to
Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of Congo from where many have fled across
the river in search of safety.
Whilst not as acute in some other Africa countries, out of the Democratic Republic of Congo's child population of 1,716,000,
an estimated 69,00 have been orphaned by AIDS with a further 6,600 children under the age of 15yrs
are infected themselves.
84% of children living in towns and cities have access to safe drinking
water but this drops to just 27% for children living in rural areas of the
Republic of Congo. Similarly, access to healthcare varies considerably not least
because 66% of all doctors in the country live and practise in the capital city
Within the last few years it has been estimated that 85% of all children
living in rural areas are engaged in work either in exchange for low wage,
despite child labour under the age of 16yrs being illegal. The Republic of Congo
is also a known source of children trafficked in for child labour from Benin and
it is widely acknowledged that that country has done little to stem this tide.