Child Sponsor Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea, including its
five islands, is one of the smallest countries in Africa with a population
of just 685,991 and today is a large exporter of oil being sub-Saharan
Africa's third largest oil exporter. As such it has a thriving economy, however very
little of that wealth has extended to the poorer in society where some 70%
of the country live below the United Nation's poverty threshold. There
are allegations that most of this wealth is siphoned off into the pockets of
the ruling elite and the country's current president is facing worldwide
investigations for corruption.
Equatorial Guinea is in 136th place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 when ranked
in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living
standards of a country. The majority of the child population live without
electricity, basic education or heath care facilities and live within
families making a living of subsistence farming whilst the offshore oil
industry engages mainly foreign workers.
In Equatorial Guinea one in five
children die before the age of five usually from diarrhoea, cholera and
other diseases linked to poor water supplies with clean water only being
available to less than half of the population and around half of the child
population of the country live in single parent homes, normally because of
high levels of adult mortality due to HIV/AIDS which is currently running at
5% of the population with 5000 out of the country's child population of 317,000
orphaned through the virus.
Whilst Equatorial Guinea's constitution
enshrines the protection of children's physical and psychological health and
normal development, child labour is both legal and widespread and its human
right's record has been described as one of the worst in the world not least
because of a political system that has the president exerting total control
over most aspects of life.
Due to its size and limited
child population, there are few child sponsor programs in Equatorial Guinea.
Those that do exist focus on caring for orphaned children and promoting
access to education, nutrition and health care as well as family
can make a difference when you sponsor a child in Equatorial Guinea.